Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition when the muscles and ligaments supporting female pelvic organs weaken and cause pelvic organs including the bladder, uterus and the small or large bowel to drop lower in the pelvis, creating a bulge in the vagina, uterus, rectum or any combination of the  above.

Symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse may include:

  • Constant feeling of heaviness or pressure in pelvis
  • Sensation or seeing of bulge or protrusion
  • Urinary and/or bowel incontinence or feeling of incomplete emptying
  • Painful intercourse.

Pelvic organ prolapse may be caused by:

  • Natural childbirth
  • Advancing age
  • Excess weight.

Factors that may increase the risk of pelvic organs prolapse include but not limited to:


  • Vaginal child birth
  • Hysterectomy
  • Ageing
  • Connective tissue abnormalities
  • Chronic straining
  • Family history of prolapse
  • Occupations which entail heavy lifting.